Aquarium is a great addition to the interior of a place.
People often consider aquarium for its visual attraction and try to spend money on decorating aquarium with plants and in aquarium plant maintenance.
Aquatic plants are the best addition for a pleasing effect to the aquarium.
Adding aquatic plants to an aquarium not only enhances its natural setting, but also provides several benefits.
Aquatic plants turns inorganic matter into organic matter and oxygenate the water, thereby contributing to maintain aquarium water filtered and balanced.
These plants act as a source for colonization of beneficial bacteria where it helps separate waste products in the aquarium.
The plants provide a sanctuary for other aquarium living organisms. All in all, aquatic plants keep the aquarium healthy and hygienic while giving a perfect look.
To gain all these benefits, proper aquatic plant maintenance is most essential. The key to have successful aquatic plant maintenance lies in keeping the plant growth healthy with all the essential elements.
Light: The major element required for aquarium plant maintenance is light. For the plants in the aquarium, a good supply of light is essential.
Ensure that you use lighting intended for aquatic plant growth. Prior to using light, determine the plant type and its light requirements–low, moderate or bright.
Incandescent lighting is reasonable but doesn’t encourage plant growth properly and generates more heat, where water temperature regulating problems can develop.
So, it is good to employ fluorescent bulbs. Fluorescent bulbs are energy-efficient generating no heat; good in supplying light more uniformly, gives a nice glowing effect and encourages plant growth. The recommended fluorescent light supply for aquatic plant maintenance is two to three watts of electric power per gallon of water.
On the other hand, take care while using florescent lights for an aquarium having depth of 20″ or more. If not, the plants with low growth or multiple leave levels come across light deficiency and unhealthy growth, due to lack of CO2. So, always place the light in or on top of a lid so as to provide enough lighting as well as carbon dioxide.
Water: As plants require clean and clear water to survive, provide the plants with clean and filtered water. The same applies to the aquatic plant maintenance. So, clean and maintain the water in the aquarium regularly.
Purifying the water to at least twenty-five percent can take away the debris from the aquarium that hinders the light and the nutrients essential for the plant growth.
On the other hand, water temperatures and pH also affects the plant growth. A temperature below 70F can make tropical aquatic plants to undergo a kind of shock.
So, check the temperature regularly. It is good to maintain your aquarium water temperature to a minimum of 72F, pH between 6.5-7.2 and the hardness between 4-12 dH.
Fertilizers: In addition to light and water, plants also require nutrients, both macro and micronutrients. Although plants get these nutrients from the water and fishes in the aquarium, it rarely needs fertilizers.
Always ensure that the fertilizers you use are aquatic plant fertilizers only. Follow a right dose of fertilizers, as too much can harm plant and fish growth.
With good aquarium plant maintenance, you can achieve a healthy planted aquarium with a wonderful look!